MIRAI MR07-05 Expendable Conductivity-Temperature-Depth Profiler (XCTD)

Last Modified: 2019-08-29
: MR07-05
: Processed (DMO)-QCed
: JAMSTEC
: Depth, Temperature, Salinity
:
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY

For Using Data

Data Management Office
See Terms and Conditions about constrain of use.
See Terms and Conditions about data citation.
Instrument:
Expendable conductivity temperature depth measurements (XCTD) ( - MR11-E02)
Using XCTD (eXpendable Conductivity Temperature Depth profiler) system, the vertical distribution of water temperature and salinity are observed during free fall of its probe part in the seawater. Observed temperature and conductivity are transmitted to the data processor on board by the digital signal. The digital signal is converted to the temperature, conductivity and depth by data processor as binary data. Binary data is transmitted from data processor to PC. The PC calculates salinity from temperature, conductivity and depth, and those properties are recorded in PC as the ASCII files.

(1) Launcher
Hand launcher
Manufacturer : Sippican,Inc.
Operation area : Rear upper deck

Automatic launcher
Manufacturer : Tsurumi Seiki Co., LTD.
Location : Port side of rear upper deck (4m from the sea level). The control panel is installed in the investigation room.

(2) Converter
Manufacturer : Tsurumi Seiki Co., LTD.
Location : Investigation room
Sampling rate : 40 msec

(3) XCTD probe specifications
Probe Type TSK XCTD-1 TSK XCTD-2 TSK XCTD-3 TSK XCTD-4
Temperature range [deg-C] -2 to 35
Temperature accuracy [deg-C] +/- 0.02
Temperature resolution [deg-C] 0.01
Conductivity range [mS/cm] 0 to 60
Conductivity accuracy [mS/cm] +/- 0.03
Conductivity resolution [mS/cm] 0.015
Measurment depth [m] 1000 1850 1000 1850
Depth accuracy [m] 5 or +/- 2% of depth; whichever is larger
Maximum elapsed time [sec] 300 600 200 502
Rated ship speed [knot] 12 3.5 20 6

Since XCTD carries no pressure sensor, we need to estimate depth from the elapsed time. The fall-rate equation is as follows.

Z = at + 10E-3 * bt2

Where Z(m) is the depth and t(sec) is the elapsed time.

In addition, coefficients of the fall-rate equation are different by probe types.

Probe Type TSK XCTD-1 TSK XCTD-2 TSK XCTD-3 TSK XCTD-4
Coefficient-a 3.42543 3.43898 5.07598 3.68081
Coefficient-b -0.47 -0.31 -0.72 -0.47
* Coefficients listed above are supplied by Sippican, Inc., in USA.

The list of an XCTD type used in each cast is as follows.

Cast name Probe Serial No. Probe Type Launcher Converter
200709101101 07054083 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709101636 07054082 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709102156 07054084 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709181014 07054086 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709181649 07054085 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709220719 07054088 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709221120 07054087 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709240449 07054090 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
200709241116 07054089 XCTD-1 Auto MK-100
(1) For sensor's stablility, values of less than 1 m for temperature and less than 3 m for salinity are replaced by missing values, respectively, based on manufacturer's recommendation.

(2) Quality control
QCed data were added flag according to the NODC (National Oceanographic Data Center) quality control procedure.
1) The gradient check of adjacent depth data
2) The density inversion check
3) The broad range check set up at given ocean space and depth
Please see the site of NODC of the following link for quality control procedure in detail.
In addition, an abnormal value is identified by a visual check, and the data after visual QC is released.
: MR07-05
: Processed (DMO)-QCed
: JAMSTEC
: Depth, Temperature, Salinity
:
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY

Observation Map

  1. Clicking the icon displays a balloon with observation information.
  2. Then click the observation name, figures will be displayed.
Imagery reproduced from ...

Figures

Data List

File names
200709101101.dat
200709101636.dat
200709102156.dat
200709181014.dat
200709181649.dat
200709220719.dat
200709221120.dat
200709240449.dat
200709241116.dat
ex_read2.f (Sample Program)
Observation List
The list of observation is shown as follows.
Observation Time and Date Lat. [°] Lon. [°]
200709101101 2007-09-10 10:56 49.9998 163.7504
200709101636 2007-09-10 16:31 48.9998 162.4996
200709102156 2007-09-10 21:51 48.0000 161.2500
200709181014 2007-09-18 10:09 36.0071 155.0051
200709181649 2007-09-18 16:44 37.0000 154.9958
200709220719 2007-09-22 07:14 42.0013 155.0004
200709221120 2007-09-22 11:15 43.0018 155.0004
200709240449 2007-09-24 04:44 45.0018 156.6685
200709241116 2007-09-24 11:11 46.0001 158.3340
: MR07-05
: Processed (DMO)-QCed
: JAMSTEC

XCTD DMO


Format Description for the Corrected Data
Provided in the Exchange Format of CCHDO (CLIVAR and Carbon Hydrographic Data Office). Please see the following link for details of Exchange Format.
Data in following cruise is not expressed with Exchange Format. Please see the site of each cruise for format.
MR02-K05 Leg1
MR04-05
Format Description for the QCed Data
Each data file contains one line header (meta data) followed by data lines for each cast.
The number of data lines are recorded in the header.
  1. Header part
No. Column Content Format Remarks
1 1 Header ID a1 fixed as '#'
2 3 - 6 Data ID a4 XCTD
3 8 - 22 Cruise ID a15
4 33 - 40 Date i8 YYYYMMDD (UTC)
5 42 - 45 Time i4 hhmm (UTC)
6 47 - 55 Latitude i2,a1,f5.2,a1 dd-mm.mmN(S)
7 57 - 66 Longitude i3,a1,f5.2,a1 ddd-mm.mmE(W)
8 68 - 71 Number of data lines i4
9 72 - 73 Terminator - CR+LF
  1. Data part
No. Column Content Unit Format Remarks
1 1 - 11 Depth m f11.1
2 12 - 22 Temperature deg-C f11.2 ITS-90
3 23 - 33 Salinity PSU f11.3 PSS-78
4 45 - 55 Flag - i11 1 - 7 : space
8 : flag of depth
9 : flag of temperature
10 : flag of salinity
11 : space
* reference : 'Definition of Quality Control Flags'
5 56 - 57 Terminator - - CR+LF
  1. Each contents of the data part is stored in 11 bytes.
  2. Missing value is presented by '-5', and error value is presented by '-9'.

Definition of Quality Control Flags
  1. Depth Flags
  2. 0 - accepted value
    1 - error in recorded depth ( same or less than previous depth )
    2 - density inversion

  3. Observed Level Flags
  4. N - missing value
    0 - accepted value
    1 - range outlier ( outside of broad range check )
    2 - failed inversion check
    3 - failed gradient check
    4 - zero anomaly
    5 - failed combined gradient and inversion checks
    6 - failed range and inversion checks
    7 - failed range and gradient checks
    8 - failed range and zero anomaly checks
    9 - failed range and combined gradient and inversion checks
    A - failed visual check

    QCed data were added flag according to the NODC (National Oceanographic Data Center) quality control procedure, additionally visually checked. Please see the site of NODC of the following link for quality control procedure.

Related Information

Update History

2019-08-29
An observation data was registerd.
2017-06-14
An observation data was registerd.
2014-07-30
An observation data was registerd.
2014-02-18
An observation data was registerd.
2012-10-27
An observation data was registerd.